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    INTERNATIONAL JOURNALS
     
    Frequency: Quarterly
    ISSN Online: 2581-6853
    Language: English

     
     
     

    Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources

    Vol. 3, No. 3 (2020)

     

    Climate Change: Vulnerability Assessment of Vanishing Springs in the Mid-Hills of Nepal

    Ramesh Chettri, Rajeev Joshi, Sandip Rijal, Saroj Adhikari

    Abstract:  Springs are the major source of water supply for domestic and agricultural uses in the mid-hills of Nepal. Therefore, these resources must be preserved and protected for the benefit of the ecology, environment, economic wellbeing and quality of life. This study aimed to assess the community perception and vulnerability assessment of spring water. Based on the participatory methods, views and experiences of communities were analyzed to understand their perception towards climate change. On the other hand, vulnerability assessment was carried out to analyze the situation of water availability in springs. The study reveals that water consumer communities have experienced changing patterns of local climate which correlates with the long-term rainfall and temperature data. Vulnerability ranged from 0.10 to 0.67. Moreover, meager water resources and low discharge during summer have resulted a lot of hardship to the people. The findings will assist policymakers and development agencies to plan and implement their projects more effectively at the local and national levels.

    Doi: https://doi.org/10.33002/nr2581.6853.03031

    Full Article
    1-15

       

    Application of GIS and Remote Sensing for Identification of Groundwater Potential Zone in the Hilly Terrain of Bangladesh

    Md. Abu Hamjalal Babu, Md. Risadul Islam, Fahim Farzana, Muhammad Jasim Uddin, Md. Sirajul Islam

    Abstract: Groundwater is the most significant assets on the planet and is declining continuously. The integration of GIS system and remote sensing turned into substantial tools in the field of subsurface water study, which assists in surveying, observing and monitoring the groundwater capitals. With this backdrop, using GIS and remote sensing application, a study was conducted to identify the potential groundwater zones in the hilly district Khagrachhari. The ground water potential zones were identified based on different thematic maps such as drainage, density, lineament density, slope, land use or land cover, soil and geology by using weighted overlay analysis. The groundwater potential zones were investigated orderly into four classes known as poor, moderate, good and very good. This groundwater potential information will work as a guideline to the concerned local authority to identify effectively the suitable locations for the extraction of groundwater.

    Doi: https://doi.org/10.33002/nr2581.6853.03032

    Full Article
    16-27

       

    Analysis of Human-Wildlife Conflict in Buffer Zone Area: A Case Study of Shuklaphanta National Park, Nepal

    Maheshwari Bhatta, Rajeev Joshi

    Abstract: This article is based on a study carried out in buffer zone of Shuklaphanta National Park (SNP), which lies in Kanchanpur district of Nepal. It is aimed to assess nature and extent of crop damages, livestock depredation and human casualties, and to identify local people's attitude towards wildlife conservation and management. Primary data was collected through preliminary field visit, questionnaire survey of households, key informant interviews, focus group discussion and direct field observation. Paddy was major crop damaged by wild animals, followed by wheat and maize. Wild boar followed by elephant and deer were found as the most problematic animals causing crop damage, while common leopard was found as the major culprit for livestock depredation. The proximity to the national park was found determining factor to the extent of damage caused by the wild animals. People’s attitude towards wildlife conservation was found to be positive; however, more than 85% of respondents showed dissatisfaction towards park authorities’ effort for conflict management. Active participation of local people in conservation and awareness program can play a vital role to reduce and mitigate the human wildlife conflict at community level.

    Doi: https://doi.org/10.33002/nr2581.6853.03033

    Full Article
    28-45

       

    Analysis of Ukrainian National Legislation and European Union Standards on Animal Use for Scientific Purposes: Directions and Prospects

    Anna Liubchych, Hasrat Arjjumend, Panfilova Daria, Olena Savchuk

    Abstract: The tasks of analyzing the processes underneath the integration of national legislation of Ukraine conforming with that of the European Union are critical for strengthening the State in quest of gaining membership in the European Union with the achievement of the strategic goals. This analytical article aims: 1) to unveil the genesis of the legal reform in the field of animal protection from ill-treatment and the use of animals for scientific purposes in Ukraine, 2) to analyze and summarize the features of regulations pertaining to the protection of animals from abuse within the EU, and 3) to outline further directions in reforming the domestic legislation of Ukraine concerning animal protection against ill-treatment and use of animals for scientific purposes in the context of European integration. Ukraine is gradually intensifying the process of reforming domestic legislation concerning cruelty to animals and use of animals for scientific purposes. The Verkhovna Rada (the Supreme Council) of Ukraine adopted Draft Law № 2351 of 30.10.2019, which still requires reformation to solve the highlighted problems. Some solutions are recommended for the Government of Ukraine.

    Doi: https://doi.org/10.33002/nr2581.6853.03034

    Full Article
    46-55

       

    Management Strategies for Sustainable Forest Biodiversity Conservation in Protected Areas of Bangladesh: A Study of Bhawal National Park, Gazipur

    Md. Alauddin, Md. Nuralam Hossain, Md. Babul Islam, Shahidul Islam, Md. Kamrul Islam

    Abstract: Bhawal National Park (BNP) is one of the biologically historic and rich habitats in Bangladesh. Therefore, the study aimed to assess the current management strategies of BNP for sustainable biodiversity conservation along with investigations focusing underlying causes of deforestation and biodiversity losses. A structured questionnaire survey, interview, focused group discussions (FGDs), key informant interviews (KII), and literature survey were used as research tools. The results reveal some threats to the sustainable park management, such as its proximity to urban areas, encroachment, abundance of private land within its boundaries, and the pressure of rapid industrialization. It is found that extensive fuelwood collection, industrial setup, agricultural activities, forest fire, forest land encroachment, wood collection are significant causes for deforestation and biodiversity loss. Moreover, number of species of plants and wildlife has decreased roughly by one-third and one-half, respectively. The findings of this study are valuable for sustainable forest biodiversity conservation and management apart from formulating relevant strategies, planning, and policies for the protected areas of Bangladesh.

    Doi: https://doi.org/10.33002/nr2581.6853.03035

    Full Article
    56-72

       

    Estimation of Morphometric Parameters of Karatoya sub-River Basin in Bangladesh using GIS and Remote Sensing Techniques

    Muhammad Jasim Uddin, Md. Abu Hamjalal Babu, Md. Risadul Islam, Fahim Farzana, Most. Lata Khatun, S.M. Farhan Sazzad, Md. Sirajul Islam

    Abstract: Morphometric analysis identifies the relationship of various aspects in the basin area, and plays an important role for understanding the geo-hydrological characteristics of a basin. The Karatoya River is ecologically and economically significant for Dinajpur region of Bangladesh. In this study, the morphometry of a sub-portion of Karatoya River in Birganj upazila was assessed by using GIS and remote sensing. The secondary data from ASTER DEM data and DEM data of Bangladesh were used to represent the morphologic and geo-hydrologic nature of the basin. The study computed and assessed more than 31 morphometric parameters in all aspects of the river basin. Morphometric analysis of the river network and the basin revealed that the Karatoya sub-basin was in the 6th order river network (as Strahler’s classification) with a dendritic and parallel drainage pattern and fine grain in drainage texture. This type of analysis will lead to develop the sustainable framework for agricultural and watershed management to be used by the local administration.

    Doi: https://doi.org/10.33002/nr2581.6853.03036

    Full Article
    73-89