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    INTERNATIONAL JOURNALS
     
    Frequency: Quarterly
    ISSN Online: 2581-6853
    Language: English

     
     

    Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources

    Vol. 1, No. 1 (2018)

     
    Editorial

    G. Poyyamoli (Editor-in-Chief)

    Editorial
    1-4

    Debate on Genetic Resources Accessed Ex Situ in the context of the Nagoya Protocol

    Hasrat Arjjumend

    Abstract: Recently enacted two international laws – Nagoya Protocol on access and benefit sharing (ABS) and International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) – deal with the access/utilization of and benefit sharing arising out from genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge (TK). Both the instruments lack relevant appropriate provisions guiding the countries to take administrative or legislative measures for covering and addressing the benefit sharing from the ex situ collections of genetic resources that were accessed well before the Nagoya Protocol came into existence. Developed nations show no willingness to share the benefits arising from the biological resources which they accessed from developing countries and retain ex situ. As a result, most affected entity would be the indigenous people and local communities (ILCs) – the custodians of most of the local biological resources – who would receive no benefits. The implications on this crucial issue will be critically reviewed in this article to identify appropriate solutions to this bottleneck using a few case studies.

    Full Article
    5-12

       

    Usefulness of Certain Animal/Plant Genetic Resources in Enhancing Food and Nutritional Security under Changing Climatic Conditions

    P. Jayaseela Rao, G. Prabhakara Rao
    , Paresh Chandra Kole

    Abstract: Genetic resources for food and agriculture are the biological basis of world food and nutrition security and improve the livelihoods. India is one of the mega biodiversity centres, endowed with wide floristic, microbial, animal, marine and freshwater/estuarine diversity. About 40 mammalian species have been domesticated for food but the major contribution in livestock production is from 14 species.  It has been estimated that some 1500 breeds of the domestic animals’ species in the world are now at high risk of extinction. About 30% of plant species are endemic to India. Global climatic conditions are changing due to indiscriminate anthropogenic activities, leading to loss of biodiversity, ecosystem and natural environment. The genetic erosion of wild and semi-wild relatives of the domesticated crops and animals is alarming due to threats to ecosystems/breeding habitats. Further, they are vulnerable to changing climatic conditions. This germplasm provides raw materials for breeding improvement in terms of higher yields, which in turn enhances food production and nutritional security. Therefore, all the available genetic resources should be conserved for the present and future generations for a sustainable development in the years to come.

    Full Article
    13-25

       

    Seasonal Variation of Water Quality in Gowain River near Ratargul Swamp Forest, Sylhet, Bangladesh

    Md. Nahian, Md. Sirajul Islam, Md. Humayun Kabir, Tanmoy Roy Tusher, Nargis Sultana


    Abstract: This article is based on a study that was conducted to find out the physicochemical properties of water in Gowain river at pre-monsoon (February to May), monsoon (June to September) and post-monsoon (October to January) seasons and to determine the relationships between water quality parameters. The water samples were collected from five different sampling stations of Gowain river and analyzed in the laboratory of Department of Environmental Science and Resource Management, MawlanaBhashani Science and Technology University, Bangladesh. The results also showed that most of the water quality parameters were suitable for aquatic organisms as well as fish. However, runoff from upstream and waste generated from anthropogenic sources could be the main causes of degradation of water quality and aquatic organisms.

    Full Article
    26-36

       

    Awareness, Education and Capacity Building of Stakeholders for Successful Implementation of Access and Benefit Sharing Regime

    Sabiha Alam, Hasrat Arjjumend

    Abstract: To popularize concept of access and benefit sharing (ABS) and Nagoya Protocol, mass awareness and education are crucial. The present awareness/educational efforts of concerned government authorities in most of the cases are inadequate. Moreover, an intensive awareness campaign is necessary to educate the Indigenous people and local communities (ILCs) and other concerned stakeholders. An opinion survey of Indigenous organizations and competent national authorities of 12 Asian countries had been conducted to understand the field implications of relevant provisions of Nagoya Protocol. While some countries are found committed, it was found that there is lot to be learnt for all the countries regarding awareness-raising about Nagoya Protocol and ABS. Similarly, the capacity building of different layers of stakeholders is given some priorities by many Parties at national level. Capacity building efforts are being undertaken at regional level as well, e.g. South-East Asia level, Africa level, Western Europe level, etc. It has been noticed that in certain pockets the ILCs are active players in the capacity building efforts, while in other countries they are just passive recipients of such efforts. Still there is a long way to go for the successful implementation of ABS regimes globally.

    Full Article
    37-45

       

    Ecotourism Policy in India: Rhetoric and Reality

    G. Poyyamoli

    Abstract: Although there is a National Ecotourism Policy for India, it has serious flaws that permit “green washing” resulting in the degradation of nature and culture in highly sensitive ecotourism destination areas. National Ecotourism Policy is critically reviewed in this article, indicating the lacuna and shortcomings that throw some light on the gap between rhetoric and reality. Remedial policy interventions for promoting authentic ecotourism in India are suggested in this article based on best practice case studies from Asia that will ensure sustainable management of precious natural and cultural resources through community cooperation and collective action at the local and regional level.

    Full Article
    46-61

       

    Leadership in the Context of E-governance: Lessons for Ukraine

    Serhii Chernov, Svitlana Haiduchenko, Tetiana Bielska, Yuriy Naplyokov, Hasrat Arjjumend


    Abstract: The fast development of the information society is characterized by implementation of the concept of e-governance that faces a problem of forming an appropriate leadership potential. An idea of e-governance is not so much a technology of democratic governance, but is an initiative aimed at improving lives of ordinary citizens; therefore, its implementation is, of course, linked to leadership at all levels of the social system and public administration. The strategic direction of the State policy towards the process of implementing e-governance consists of formation of leadership potential of civil servants and officials, civil society and business. However, this prominent task of State policy remains insufficiently attended. The purpose of this article is determination of key areas of State policy for building the leadership potential of civil society, business sector and the institution of civil servants and officials in the event of the establishment of e-governance. The article recommends key directions for the development of regional management in the context of e-governance system that faces the problem of its leadership potential. Accordingly, strategic approaches to the management of organizational changes in public authorities related to the implementation of modern information and communication technologies of e-governance are defined in this article.

    Full Article
    62-68

       

    Assessment of Certain Plant Species degrading Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Contaminated Soil

    Shahrzad Khatibi, Hossein Mirseyed Hosseini

    Abstract: Biological techniques, especially phytoremediation, have long been recognized as cost-effective and environment friendly to eliminate pollutants from soil. This article is based on a study conducted to assess the capability of alfalfa, ryegrass and white clover to remove total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPHs) from soil. The presence of petroleum contamination significantly decreased germination percentage and rate along with biomass of alfalfa and white clover compared to uncontaminated soil. With regards to ryegrass, there was no significant difference in seed germination percentage and biomass, although the presence of petroleum decreased seed germination rate. The results indicated that these plants had effect on TPHs remediation; and removal of TPH from soil was directly related to density levels and time. Therefore, alfalfa and ryegrass in their highest density levels reduced the maximum concentration of TPHs at the end of the experiment by almost 64.41% and 60.36%, respectively, whereas only slight changes were observed in non-vegetated soil.

    Full Article
    69-82